Curvularia lunata, aspergillus parasiticus and mucor spp. Curvularia is a rich genus in host range and geographic distribution compared to bipolaris. Mycotic keratitis due to curvularia senegalensis and in vitro antifungal susceptibilities of curvularia spp. Recent studies have shown that morphological identification does not correlate with molecular identification manamgoda et al.
Susceptible turfgrass wintergrass, kentucky bluegrass, bentgrass, fescue, couch. Dematiaceous hyphomycete producing sympodial, pale brown, cylindrical or slightly curved phragmoconidia, with one of the cent. Effects of temperature on mycelial growth sporulation and spore germination of curvularia spp. This particular type of mold is known to cause corneal infections. Novel curvularia species from clinical specimens madrid, da cunha, gene et al. Curvularia leaf spot is caused by several fungi in the genus curvularia. A defective dsrna of less than 1 kbp may also be present. Phylloplane flora with a specific area quickly responds to change in environmental conditions from locality to locality. See the summary of synonyms and teleomorphanamorph relations for curvularia spp. Generally regarded as contaminants, two species, curvularia lunata and curvularia geniculata, are among the true species of fungi capable of producing mycetoma in humans, keratomycosis, sinusitis, and pheohyphomycosis.
The fungus is an excellent saprophyte, meaning it exists or persists in dead and dying tissue. A case of mycotic keratitis due to curvularia senegalensis is reported. Abdelhaleem environmental biotechnology department, genetic engineering and biotechnology research institute gebri, city of scientific research and technological applications srtacity, alexandria, egypt. The fungus showed a highest homology to curvularia sp. Curvularia definition of curvularia by medical dictionary. Most are far more common than black mold in homes and they can make you ill. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. Their affinity to closely related species in each genus is discussed to show the distinguishing morphological features. Biodiesel, bioflocculant and biosorbent from the fungal curvularia sp. The majority of curvularia species exist as grass pathogens or as saprobes occurring on plant material, dung and soil. Curvularia diseases produce irregularly shaped patches of thinned turf, often coalescing to affect larger areas.
In humans, it is known to cause keratitis after trauma to the. Bioactive secondary metabolites from new endophytic fungus. The anamorph of this fungus is known as curvularia lunata, while cochliobolus lunatus denotes the teleomorph or. These fungi are primarily of interest in their role as plant pathogens, as they can cause severe damage to a variety of crops. Most kinds of mold grow and spread quickly, but according to the university of adelaide website, this particular strain of mold grows especially fast. On the fruit tree and plant guard concentrate label it states stink bug spp.
Cochliobolus lunatus is the most commonly reported species in clinical cases of reported cochliobolus. New species and records of bipolaris and curvularia from. We report a case of acanthamoeba keratitis with curvularia coinfection. Curvularia is a fungal genus primarily native to tropical and subtropical regions, although some species live in temperate zones. Invasive phaeohyphomycosis caused by curvularia species in a dog. Little is known about these pathogens and whether they are primary or secondary to leaf spot development. Peritonitis due to curvularia inaequalis in an elderly patient. A phylogenetic analysis of the genera bipolaris and curvularia has resulted in a realignment of several species. Proceedings of the association for plant protection of hokuriku, no. Pdf clinical importance of the genus curvularia researchgate. Secondary metabolites biosynthesized by pure cultures of three soilhabitat fungi.
Isometric particles, 27 nm in diameter, can be isolated from the infected fungal host and are thought to package the genomic dsrnas. Among eye infections, the involvement of curvularia spp. What would be a simple way to measure prime source chlorothalonil 82. Evaluation of curvularia lunata as an biological control agent in major weeds. Curvularia is a saprobic dematiaceous mold that has been associated with a wide spectrum of human infection 1, 2. Culvaria species, infection, treatment and removal mold. Fungal hyphae were detected in corneal scrapings, and repeated cultures were positive for this fungi. Curvularia leaf spot disease of foliage andor roots. In a previous study we used morphology and sequences of the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer region its and the glyceraldehyde3phosphate dehydrogenase gpd gene to identify species within a set of 99 clinical curvularia isolates from the usa. Curvularia has a downy or suedelike texture and may be a medium shade of brown to dark brown or nearly black in color. The ctnsensus of opinion seems to be that curvularia will invade turf that is already weakened and become a secondary pathogen. These are curvularia lunata, curvularia pallescens and curvularia geniculata curvularia lunata.
In some cases, curvularia can also cause disease in humans or animals. Datnoff, university of florida, ifas, plant pathology department. Pdf members of the genus curvularia including species formerly classifi ed as bipolaris spp. The patient was presumed cured after a corneal transplant and treatment with itraconazole, but the infection recurred and the patient is. Pdf the fungal genus curvularia includes numerous plant pathogens and some emerging opportunistic. Cochliobolus lunatus is the most commonly reported species in clinical cases of reported cochliobolus infection. Curvularia thermal tolerance virus has a bipartite genome comprising two dsrna segments, 2. Antimicrobial secondary metabolites broth dilution assay secondary metabolites biosynthesized by pure cultures of three soilhabitat fungi. Evaluation of curvularia lunata as an biological control. While most of the fungi discussed in this blog are of clinical importance, some can be found in this publication. Biodiesel, bioflocculant and biosorbent from the fungal. Evaluation of pathogenicity of bipolaris and curvularia spp.
Hence, curvularia lunata can be considered as a probable agent for the biological control of alisma plantagoaquatica, echinochloa spp. The pearled produce did not contain surface molds and was free of aflatoxins. Curvulariafavorable response to oral itraconazole therapy. Soil compaction and excessive levels of nitrogen and thatch. Acanthamoeba keratitis with curvularia coinfection gupta. How long do you wait to apply gordons trimec classic broadleaf herbicide after reseeding. Natural habitats plant saprobe and pathogen to cereal plants soil suitable substrates in the indoor environment paper wood products water activity unknown mode of dissemination wind allergenic potential type i asthma and hay fever a relatively common cause of allergic fungal sinusitis. Mycotic keratitis due to curvularia senegalensis and in vitro. It was observed that phylloplane flora is highly sensitive to environmental factors. Cochliobolus lunatus is a fungal plant pathogen that can cause disease in humans and other animals. Curvularia is a genus of fungi that mostly consists of plant pathogens, although several of its species can be harmful to humans as well.
However, more than 10 species of this genus have been reported to cause opportunistic. Curvularia lunata aspergillus parasiticus mucor spp. The clinical importance of the genus curvularia and the former genus bipolaris were previously discussed in the literature separately from each other liu and gray 2011. The tree was rooted to curvularia buchloes cbs 246. Curvularia is a dematiaceous mold that infects plant species and is found in the soil. The novel species described in this study is shown in bold. Most curvularia are found in tropical regions, though a few are found in temperate zones. Acanthamoeba and fungal coinfection have been uncommonly reported in literature, worldwide. Curvularia is a hyphomycete mold fungus which is a facultative pathogen, or beneficial partner of many plant species and common in soil. Over the last decades, endophytic fungi represent a new source of pharmacologically active secondary metabolites based on the underlying assumption that they live symbiotically within their plant host. Most commonly found on low cut turf grasses like golf and bowling greens. The genus curvularia contains about 80 species, which are mostly soil or plant pathogens. Curvularia is a species of mold that relate mostly to subtropical and tropical plant parasites however, three ubiquitous species have been recovered from human infections, principally from cases of mycotic keratitis. Curvularia may be found in almost any grass debris, even if the turf is healthy.
The fungal genus curvularia includes numerous plant pathogens and some emerging opportunistic pathogens of humans. In the present study, a new endophytic fungus was isolated from rauwolfia macrophylla, a medicinal plant from cameroon. Curvularia leaf spot occurs in areas that experience prolonged leaf wetness for several consecutive days. Individual leaves initially show yellow and green dappled patterns that extend downwards from the leaf tip. Mycotic keratitis due to curvularia senegalensis and in. In vitro synergy of natamycin and voriconazole against. Methods in an experimental in vitro study, clinical isolates of fusarium, aspergillus, candida and curvularia spp were maintained on sabouraud dextrose agar and used for the study. Curvularia lunata is the most prevalent cause of disease in humans and animals. The anamorph of this fungus is known as curvularia lunata, while cochliobolus lunatus denotes the teleomorph or sexual state.
Household mold symptoms are caused by several common types of mold in homes. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Pdf on dec 6, 2018, mehrabikoushki and others published curvularia ahvazensis and c. Curvularia is another common household mold known to cause mold symptoms in humans. Novel curvularia species from clinical specimens europe. Curvularia species, common inhabitants of dead plant material, are causative agents of fungal keratitis. While a more recent, 3rd edition is available from crc press, the 506 page 2nd edition can still be downloaded free of charge as a pdf by clicking on the icon of the book above, or on the title immediately above. This case represents the third known reported infection caused by this rare species. Identification of curvularia lunata by polymerase chain reaction in a. Aspergillus, curvularia and fusarium, were found more prevalent in all the months of experimental study than the other forms of genera. Pdf novel curvularia species from clinical specimens. Curvularia species is a common fungus that grows on a wide range of.
Phylogenetic analyses based on sequence data of the internal transcribed spacer region, partial fragments of the glyceraldehyde3phosphate dehydrogenase and the translation elongation factor 1. Fungal peritonitis due to curvularia species in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis is a very rare problem. A classical history with a strong clinical suspicion and experienced laboratory personnel with systematic examination of corneal scrapings for bacterial, viral, parasitic and fungal causes are imperative for accurate diagnosis. Studies on the discoloration of rice kernels caused by fungi. The mics of natamycin and voriconazole, used alone and in combination, were evaluated by checkerboard microdilution technique based on the standard protocol proposed by the clinical laboratory standards. Symptoms individual leaves initially show yellow and green dapple patterns that extend downwards from the leaf tip. Evaluation of pathogenicity of bipolaris and curvularia. Cryptic species of curvularia in the culture collection of. A genus of darkcoloured fungi that grow rapidly on culture media. Several unidentified specimens of curvularia deposited in the queensland plant pathology herbarium were reexamined. Assessment of the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities.1213 1297 711 838 1507 50 1040 1183 220 771 866 77 1357 1003 1044 671 656 1173 1326 949 684 854 399 201 567 47 1459 1149 446 958 727 529 459 486 392 1487 517 382 1215 798 882 835 237 1226 852 18