An application has to be allowed by both selinux and dac to do certain activities. An example how can selinux help to run apache and mariadb in a secure way. Selinux policy, but it also removes any ambiguity that can be found in other identification methods. Problems with selinux often arise from the file system being mislabeled. A selinux context consists of three required fields, and one optional field. Paranoid penguin introduction to selinux, part ii by mick bauer. Securityenhanced linux selinux is a linux kernel security module that provides a mechanism for supporting access control security policies, including mandatory access controls mac. Selinux offers linuxunix integrators, administrators, and developers a stateoftheart platform for building and maintaining highly secure solutions. Analyzing integrity protection in the selinux example policy. Jul 27, 2006 selinux offers linuxunix integrators, administrators, and developers a stateoftheart platform for building and maintaining highly secure solutions.
Maintaining selinux policies isnt that difficult, but it is not a fireandforget method. A sandbox is a security mechanism for collecting resources and providing them to an application without allowing that application to modify or otherwise access resources outside the agreed upon isolated environment. Its architecture strives to separate enforcement of security decisions from the security policy. Selinux how to guide and tutorial for working with selinux. There are a total of 14 chapters and 4 appendices spread just over 400 pages. Selinux policy model selinux example policy the selinux community is working jointly on the development of unix application policies whose composition is called the selinux example policy. Selinux is a set of kernel modifications and userspace tools that have been added to various linux distributions.
The following example shows sample contents of the selinux directory. Selinux by example computer engineering computing scribd. The paper describes the mapping method and outlines its role as the foundation of an automatic policy transformation tool. Although system administration experience is not necessary, content in this guide is. It put limits and instructs server daemons or programs what files they can access and what actions they can take by defining a security policy. Modelbased safety analysis of selinux security policies. Breaking down the selinux context labels, android uses the same label format discussed in the selinux section. Using security enhanced linux pearson selinux by example is the first complete, handson guide to using selinux in production environments. The 14 chapters are in turn broadly divided into three parts with the first part containing chapters which provide an overview of selinux, its background and the concepts behind it.
Access control decisions on processes, linux users, and files are based on this context information. Linux, selinux by example seems overly complex on the surface. Authored by means of 3 major selinux researchers and builders, it illuminates each side of operating with selinux, from its structure and protection item version to its coverage language. Nsas open source security enhanced linux by bill mccarty selinux. All files, directories, devices, and processes have a security context or label associated with them. Authored by three leading selinux researchers and developers, it illuminates every facet of working with selinux, from its architecture and security object model to its policy language. You can check if you have these processes running by executing the ps command with the z qualifier. A sid is an integer that is mapped by the security server to a security context at runtime. Unlike the standard discretionary access control in place for linux where the end user can still decide for himself how his resources are accessed by others a mandatory access control system is. The book selinux by example is authored by three people frank mayer, karl macmillan and david caplan and is published by prentice hall. The intensive search for a more secure operating system has often left everyday, production computers far behind their experimental, research cousins. To actually disable selinux, you need to either specify the appropriate setenforce parameter in etcsysconfigselinux or pass the parameter selinux0 to the kernel, either in etcnf or at boot time. These strings can be interpreted as triplets ignoring the first letter which is d when the file in the linux context is a directory and a otherwise.
Authored by three leading selinux researchers and developers, it illuminates every. For example, when running selinux, unless otherwise configured, an attacker cannot compromise a samba server, and then use that samba. The default policy in centos is the targeted policy which targets and confines selected system processes. Learn how to work with contexts, which include ports, processes, files, and directories, and labels. The permission string representation for the file bar. Policies are a set of rules governing things such as the roles a user has access to. Learn how to safely enable selinux, install supporting packages, and understand basic selinux concepts and terminology.
Selinux by example is the first complete, handson guide to using selinux in production environments. The selinux example policy is intended as an example from which administrators customize to create a policy for their sites security goals, but the complexity of the model and size of the policy make this quite complex. Selinux is an implementation of a mandatory access control mechanism that confines user programs and system servers to the minimum amount of privileges that are required to do their jobs in the linux kernel. Writing a targeted policy module for selinux howto. Your visual howto guide for selinux policy enforcement. Vincent danen gets into some of the basics of working with selinux. Selinux is the security implementation which enhances system security and in the event of security breach, it stops that from spreading in entire system. Selinux is an implementation of a mandatory access control mechanism. The selinux policy uses these contexts in a series of rules which define how processes can interact with 7. Security enhanced linux and mandatory access control by pax dickinson. Linux command line for you and me documentation, release 0.
Bring worldclass security to any linux environment. Selinux contexts another set of lables also on files context label contextlabel 4 components secon shows them individually. This is the first article in the introduction to selinux series. Working with selinux and red hat enterprise linux rhel. Finally the results are mapped back to the original selinux policy. A small set of configuration files are shared between the selinux kernel module and the example policy configuration. Show process of writing a policy understanding basics of selinux labels selinux is not difficult and is your friend using selinux tools audit2allow, ausearch, sepolicy 2. Creating your own policy module file eventually, you will need to write your own policy module files and maintain them over the lifecycle of your system. Selinux has no concept of uid or ownership of files. S department of defense to provide a mandatory access controls mechanism in linux. For the user attribute android uses the default user i. Configuring the selinux policy national security agency. For example, a soc vendor and an odm might each add a directory, one for the.
Later, in centos 5 this number had risen to over 200 targets. This type of file system is similar to the proc pseudofile system administrators and users do not normally need to manipulate this component. Selinux via instance is the 1st entire, handson advisor to utilizing selinux in construction environments. The currently accepted modules in the official kernel are apparmor, selinux, smack, tomoyo linux, and yama. This is the upstream repository for the security enhanced linux selinux userland libraries and tools. Selinux by example using security enhanced linux david caplan. Read online selinux by example using security enhanced linux david caplan selinux by example. Using the selinux getsebool, semanage and setsebool commands for. In pdf and paper editions, this manual uses typefaces drawn from the liberation fonts1 set. A selinux offers linuxunix integrators, administrators, and. The selinux context contains additional information such as selinux user, role, type, and level.
Selinux policy concepts and overview security policy development primer for security enhanced linux module 3. All about policies in this section well discuss what policies are, what you can do with them, how theyre created and how you make them take effect. Securityenhanced linux selinux is a linux kernel security module that provides a mechanism for supporting access control security policies, including mandatory access controls mac selinux is a set of kernel modifications and userspace tools that have been added to various linux distributions. Jul 18, 2019 selinux is an acronym for securityenhanced linux. Sep 05, 2014 an introduction to selinux on centos 7 part 1. Ravi writes selinux is a project started and actively maintained by the u. Selinux uses a collection of rules collectively known as policies. Now selinux security enhanced linux dramatically changes this. Selinux explained with examples in easy language learn how to view, set and configure selinux in linux step by step. Understanding selinux file labelling and selinux context. To this end, selinux policies are mapped to an isomorphic hru model, which is then analyzed.
Selinux marks every process, file, pipe, socket, etc. Selinux is a mandatory access control system which enables a more finegrained mechanism where the security administrator defines what a user can do. Participation and further information 369 appendix c. If you are looking for recommendations, i would recommend starting with either digital oceans introduction to selinux, the centos wikis documentation, or the redhat pdf. For files, this context is stored in the extended attributes of the file system. Using security enhanced linux, frank mayer, david caplan, karl macmillan, pearson education, 2006, 02704587, 97802704588, 384 pages. In this chapter, we discuss the example policy, which is a method source files, build tools and conventions, and so on for building an selinux policy that has evolved over the years from the original example policy released with selinux by the national security agency.
Guide to writing selinux policy all about policies. The selinux pseudofile system contains commands that are most commonly used by the kernel subsystem. The selinux example policy does not define a secure system, but is intended as input to the development of a custom policy for each sites security goals. Selinux by example free ebook download as pdf file.
Lets say we are using a webserver which is using homedanhtml as document directory rather then varhtml, selinux will consider this a violation of the policy. It is designed to protect the server against misconfigurations andor compromised daemons. The software provided by this project complements the selinux features integrated into the linux kernel and is used by linux distributions. Selinuxtutorialscreating your own policy module file. In centos 4 only 15 defined targets existed including d, named, dhcpd, mysqld.
By design, selinux allows different policies to be written that are interchangeable. Researchers in the national information assurance research laboratory of the national security agency nsa worked with secure computing corporation scc to develop a strong, flexible mandatory access control architecture based on type enforcement, a mechanism first developed for the lock system. The first triplet here belongs to the owner, the second one. The nsa and scc developed two machbased prototypes of the architecture. So lets take a step back and talk about some of the fundamentals of selinux, from my point of view. The former describes the basics and principles upon which selinux functions, the latter is more focused on practical tasks to set up and configure various services.360 1170 884 915 17 65 18 1309 1248 1369 1295 442 529 360 1027 1444 803 1479 371 839 464 1053 1126 471 464 640 589